ABSTRACTS No. 43 - Page 181


Mohammad Sorush

Aban's Sahiha and Its Impact on Way of Deduction

Aban's Sahiha is a report on diyya (blood-money). According to it men and women's blood-money will be equal if it is less than one third of full blood-money, if not, women's blood-money will decrease into the half of it. This is told by Imam Sadiq, peace be upon him, to Aban. Considering his surprise, Imam Sadiq, peace be upon him, asked him not to make any comparison between them.
Aban's Sahiha has been linked up with many general issues of deduction. Some of them which are discussed in this paper are as follows: paralogism, right of priority, reliability of intellect's judgment, possibility of discovering criteria for issuing legal deeds, legitimacy of amputation, and so on.
Viewing this report from different perspectives, the author of the present paper tries to illustrate its impact on understanding religious deeds.
Key words: Paralogism, Amputation, Women's Blood-money, Intellect, Deduction, Right of Priority, Aban bn Taghlab, Imam Sadiq, peace be upon him..

Sayyed Hasan Eslami Ardakani Ph.D.

Analyzing a Hadith on Four Cardinal Virtues

In this paper, the writer tries to analyze a hadith (i.e. tradition) on the virtues which is attributed to Imam Ali (p.b.u.h). According to this hadith, the cardinal virtues are: wisdom, courage, temperance, and justice. Tracing this tradition the author wants to show that this tradition is a brief account of Greek virtue ethics rather than Islamic ethics, and also is a translation of Socratic and Platonic thoughts on virtues. He first analyses the meaning of arête (virtue) in Greek culture, and the importance of those above mentioned four virtues. Then he describes the transmission of these virtues into Islamic culture and their acceptance by some Muslim ethicists. Finally he compares these virtues with the main virtues introduced and emphasized by the Holy Quran and argues that this tradition is, probably, defective and apocryphal one.
Key words: Islamic ethics, Islamic virtues, virtue ethics, apocryphal tradition, Islamic moral philosophy.

Ali Nasiri

A Hadith on Fly: A Medical Lesson or A Fabricated Hadith

Whenever you find a fly in your bowl, make it float, since there is illness in one of its wings and cure in another one. Fly gives priority to poison and postpones cure.
This hadith is one of the most challenging reports which has been found in the Sunni original hadith collections and Shiite non -original sources. Reliability and unreliability of this hadith has been the main concern of many discussions and has provided some different views regarding this haith.

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