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Imam Ali and Political Leadership

88. Imām Ali (a.s.): “He who endeavors to establish the truth will succeed.”1

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Commitment to Law

89. Imām al-Bāqir: “He [Ali] (a.s.) arrested a man from the tribe of Bani Asad to carry out a punishment. His people gathered to mediate for him and asked Hasan (a.s.) to go along with them.”
“He [Hasan] (a.s.) said: “Go to him [Ali] (a.s.) for he is better aware of your affairs.”
They went to him and brought up their issue.
He said: “Ask me for anything which is at my disposal and I will grant it to you.”
They left him, thinking they were successful. Hasan (a.s.) asked them about what happened between them and they said: “We have come with the best of results”, and told him the story.
He said: “Do whatever you need to do for your friend when he is being punished.”
Ali (a.s.) took him out and carried out the punishment on him, and he then said: “By God this [execution of punishment] is an issue out of my power [rather, it is God’s command].”2

90. al-Ghārāt –in a report about the poet al-Najāshi: “In the battle of Siffin, al-Najāshi was Ali’s (a.s.) poet. He drank wine in Kufa and the Commander of the Faithful (a.s.) executed the punishment on him. He became angry and joined Mu`āwiya and dispraised Ali (a.s.)….
When Ali (a.s.) punished al-Najāshi, those from among his companions from the Yamāniyah tribe got angry and the closest of them to Ali (a.s.), Tāriq ibn `Abdullah Nahdi, went to him and said: “O Commander of the Faithful! We did not imagine that the sinners and the obedient, the separatists and allies, are equal before the leaders of justice and the fountainheads of virtue until I saw your treatment of my brother Hārith [al-Najāshi]. You pained our hearts, dispersed our affairs and you made us choose a road which we previously thought that he who walks on it will be led to Hellfire.”
“Ali (a.s.) said: “…and it is indeed hard except for the humble.”3 O Brother from Bani Nahd! Was he not a Muslim man who violated one of God’s sanctities and we executed against him the
penalty which was his expiation? God Almighty has said: “…and ill feeling for a people should never lead you to be unfair. Be fair; that is nearer to Godwariness.”45

1.. Ghurar al-Hikam, h. ۸۶۵۱, `Uyun al-Hikam wa al-Mawā`iz, p. ۴۴۰, h. ۷۶۵۳.

2.. Manāqib Ali ibn Abi Tālib, vol. ۲, p. ۱۴۷, Da`ā'im al-Islām, vol. ۲, p. ۴۴۳, h. ۱۵۴۷, Bihār al-Anwār, vol. ۴۱, p. ۹, h. ۱.

3.. Qur'ān, ۲: ۴۵.

4.. Qur'ān, ۵: ۸.

5.. al-Ghārāt, vol. ۲, p. ۵۳۳ ۵۳۹, Manāqib Ali ibn Abi Tālib, vol. ۲, p. ۱۴۷.


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88. عنه علیه السلام: مَن جاهَدَ عَلى إقامَةِ الحَقِّ وُفِّقَ.1

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الالتزام بالقانون

89. الإمام الباقر علیه السلام: أخَذَ ]عَلِيٌّ علیه السلام [ رَجُلاً مِن بَني أسَدٍ في حَدٍّ، فَاجتَمَعَ قَومُهُ لِيُكَلِّموا فيهِ، وطَلَبوا إلَى الحَسَنِ أن يَصحَبَهُم، فَقالَ: ائتوهُ فَهُوَ أعلىٰ بِكُم عَيناً، فَدَخَلوا عَلَيهِ وسَأَلوهُ، فَقالَ: لا تَسأَلونّي شَيئاً أملِكُ إلّا أعطَيتُكُم، فَخَرَجوا يَرَون أنَّهُم قَد أنجَحوا، فَسَأَلَهُمُ الحَسَنُ، فَقالوا: أتَينا خَيرَ مَأتِيٍّ. وحَكَوا لَهُ قَولَهُ، فَقالَ: ما كُنتُم فاعِلينَ إذا جُلِدَ صاحِبُكُم فَاصنَعوهُ، فَأَخرَجَهُ عَلِيٌّ فَحَدَّهُ، ثُمَّ قالَ: هٰذا وَاللهِ لَستُ أملِكُه.2

90. الغارات ـ في ذِكرِ النَّجاشِي الشّاعِرِ ـ: كانَ شاعِرَ عَلِيٍّ علیه السلام بِصفّينَ، فَشَرِبَ الخَمرَ بِالكوفَةِ، فَحَدَّهُ أميرُ المُؤمِنينَ علیه السلام، فَغَضِبَ ولَحِقَ بِمُعاوِيَةَ وهَجا عَلِيّاً علیه السلام ... .
لَمّا حَدَّ عَلِيٌّ علیه السلام النَّجاشِيَّ غَضِبَ لِذلِكَ مَن كانَ مَعَ عَلِيٍّ مِنَ اليَمانِيَّةِ، وكانَ أخَصُّهُم بِهِ طارِقَ بنَ عَبدِ اللهِ بنِ كَعبِ بنِ اُسامَةَ النَّهدِيَّ، فَدَخَلَ عَلى أميرِ المُؤمِنينَ علیه السلام فَقالَ: يا أميرَ المُؤمِنينَ، ما كُنّا نَرىٰ أنَّ أهلَ المَعصِيَةِ وَالطّاعَةِ وأهلَ الفُرقَةِ والجَماعَةِ عِندَ وُلاةِ العَدلِ ومَعادِنِ الفَضلِ سِيّانِ فِي الجَزاءِ، حَتّى رَأَيتُ ما كانَ مِن صَنيعِكَ بِأَخِي الحارِثِ، فَأَوغَرتَ صُدورَنا، وشَتَّتَّ اُمورَنا، وحَمَلتَنا عَلَى الجادَّةِ التَّي كُنّا نَرىٰ أنَّ سَبيلَ مَن رَكِبَها النّارُ.
فَقالَ عَلِيٌّ علیه السلام: (وَ إِنَّهَا لَكَبِيرَةٌ إِلّا عَلَى الْخَـٰشِعِينَ) ،3 يا أخا بَني نَهدٍ، وهَل هُوَ إلّا رَجُلٌ مِنَ المُسلِمينَ انتَهَكَ حُرمَةَ مَن حَرَّمَ اللهُ فَأَقَمنا عَلَيهِ حَدّاً كانَ كَفّارَتَهُ، إنَّ اللهَ تَعالىٰ يَقولُ: (وَلاَ يَجْرِمَنَّكُمْ شَنَـانُ قَوْمٍ عَلَىٰ أَلّا تَعْدِلُواْ اعْدِلُواْ هُوَ أَقْرَبُ لِلتَّقْوَىٰ) 4.5

1.. غرر الحكم: ح۸۶۵۱، عيون الحكم والمواعظ: ص۴۴۰ ح۷۶۵۳.

2.. المناقب لابن شهر آشوب: ج۲ ص۱۴۷، دعائم الإسلام: ج۲ ص۴۴۳ ح۱۵۴۷ نحوه، بحار الأنوار: ج۴۱ ص۹ ح۱.

3.. البقرة: ۴۵.

4.. المائدة: ۸.

5.. الغارات: ج۲ ص۵۳۳ و ص۵۳۹، المناقب لابن شهر آشوب: ج۲ ص۱۴۷ نحوه، بحار الأنوار: ج۴۱ ص۹ ح۲؛ شرح نهج البلاغة لابن أبي الحدید: ج۴ ص۸۹ نحوه.

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